Trading Index di Pasar Forex – Untung dan Rugi

Bicara soal index saham, umumnya memang hanya bisa ditransaksikan dalam bentuk ETF atau reksadana. Namun khusus untuk index besar Amerika, biasanya juga bisa ditransaksikan dalam wujud futures di Pasar Forex. Index yang dimaksud antara lain NQ100 (NASDAQ), DJI3) (Dow Jones Index), dan SP500 (standard and poor)

Futures artinya kita tidak melakukan transaksi atas index terkait secara langsung, melainkan melakukan pembelian surat kontrak untuk transaksi di masa depan. Kendati demikian, transaksi bersifat futures seperti ini juga memiliki underlying sama. Dengan kata lain, performa perusahaan yang tergabung dalam index tersebut akan mempengaruhi pergerakan harga atas futures yang kita miliki.

Kelebihan atau Keuntungan Trading Index di Pasar Forex

Biaya cenderung lebih rendah

Berbeda dengan transaksi mata uang yang mengenakan biaya swap, transaksi index di pasar forex tidak dikenakan biaya swap (menginap) apabila posisi dipegang lebih dari satu hari. Dengan kata lain, kita tidak dirugikan bila memiliki orientasi trading jangka panjang. Selain itu, pergerakan harga index yang lebih besar (tick per tick) berarti mengakibatkan rasio spread/biaya yang lebih menguntungkan (biaya nya jadi terlihat kecil karena pergerakan harganya lebih besar)

Outlook lebih mudah terbaca

Karena memiliki underlying pasar modal, maka analisa yang biasanya kita gunakan di dunia saham pun bisa kita terapkan dengan prinsip sama. Contohnya, kebijakan penurunan suku bunga cenderung memberikan sentimen positif bagi kegiatan usaha yang sahamnya tergabung dalam index, dan kenaikan upah minimum akan berakibat pada sentimen negatif.

Berbeda dengan pair mata uang yang mencakup komposisi dua mata uang, pada index saham terdapat perusahaan-perusahaan yang umumnya beroperasi dalam satu negara. Bagi saya pribadi lebih mudah untuk memantau berita satu negara saja dibandingkan memantau berita banyak negara. Apabila trading pair mata uang, tentu kita perlu memantau kebijakan fiskal yang berpengaruh pada dua mata uang tersebut. Kebijakan sektor riil menurut saya juga lebih realistis dibandingkan sektor keuangan.

Prediksi keuntungan dua arah

Bertransaksi di pasar forex bersifat futures, bukan spot. Artinya, kita bisa menghasilkan keuntungan dengan cara membeli saat memprediksi pergerakan harga yang akan turun. Misalnya, ketika kita yakin harga saham akan turun ketika pandemi kembali parah, maka kita bisa membeli posisi secara short untuk mencapai keuntungan saat harga malah turun.

Strategi trading seperti ini tentu tidak bisa kita lakukan pada reksadana ataupun ETF index, karena kita hanya bisa menghasilkan keuntungan saat harganya naik saja.

Kekurangan atau Kerugian Trading Index di Pasar Forex

Butuh modal lebih besar

Lot size, atau nilai transaksi index saham di pasar forex jauh lebih besar daripada pasar uang. Sebagai contoh, misalnya 1 lot di pair lain hanya bernilai $100, maka di index forex nilai satu lot nya bisa sebesar $1000.

Akibatnya, perlu disiapkan modal yang lebih besar juga sebagai leverage kita, agar jangan sampai terjadi margin call. Terkait hal ini, nilai keuntungan dan kerugian pun nilainya kelihatan jauh lebih besar, jadi jangan kena mental ya.

Tidak ada disemua broker

Ibarat toko, setiap broker memiliki penawaran pair atau barang dagangan yang berbeda-beda. Meskipun index saham cukup umum di pasar modal, namun tidak semua broker forex menyediakan futures index untuk diperdagangkan.

Pastikan memilih broker yang memiliki penawaran pair selengkap mungkin, agar kita lebih fleksibel menentukan strategi trading kita. Bisa saja kita memiliki keberuntungan lebih tinggi di pair tertentu 😀

Tips dan Trik?

Apabila baru mencoba trading di index, buka posisi trading dengan lot size yang lebih kecil. Bila malah pertama kali trading, maka buka posisi dengan lot sekecil mungkin.

Coba orientasi trading yang lebih berjangka panjang, karena index saham cenderung bullish (naik) di jangka panjang. Karena tidak ada biaya swap/menginap, maka tidak perlu khawatir bahwa biayanya akan lebih tinggi daripada keuntungannya.

Perhatikan news/berita yang berhubungan dengan sektor riil di Amerika Serikat, misalnya unemployment rate, perubahan suku bunga pinjaman, upah minimum, dan lain-lain

Harus Mulai Darimana?

Mulai dengan membuka akun trading di broker apapun. Yang saya endorse adalah FinanciaFX.

finacia fx

Saya juga merekomendasikan para edukator yang tergabung dalam komunitas MIGRO, misalnya

  • @cal.trading untuk mengikuti kelas gratis maupun berbayar untuk belajar trading. Edukator ini adalah salah satu lulusan terbaik astronacci!
  • @richtraderindo untuk langganan signal trading berbayar. Signal dari analis ini memiliki winrate 70%!
  • @migro.wth untuk mendapatkan analisa teknikal gratis secara harian

Tulisan ini di sponsori oleh komunitas MIGRO

________

Terkait

Bahas Tuntas Bot Forex
Februari 7, 2021dalam “bahasa”

Perbandingan Merk Robot Forex
April 20, 2021dalam “bahasa”


Adrian Siaril
Adrian Siaril

The boss

Articles: 588

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